The L-molded quadratojugal is included sideways of the a rugose development like that the latest squamosal and you can jugal (Profile 4o)

The L-molded quadratojugal is included sideways of the a rugose development like that the latest squamosal and you can jugal (Profile 4o)

5.2.10 Quadratojugal

Hook ridge into posterodorsal margin of one’s dorsal processes articulates in a slot on the anteroventral osal. Rear to that particular there is certainly a shallow fossa that is overlapped by the anterolateral edge of the fresh quadrate. The ventral suggestion of your own fossa ‘s the prior edging off the fresh new quadrate foramen. Brand new posteroventral area of the quadratojugal versions an ongoing facial skin which have the new horizontal part of the quadrate, fitting with the an effective fossa towards the horizontal margin of the latter feature. The fresh quadratojugal models the latest posteroventral corner of one’s lateral temporal fenestra when you look at the Roentgen. callenderi.

Anteriorly, the new tapered rear means of the fresh jugal inserts on a great triangular slot with the lateral skin of quadratojugal (Figure 4o). This form of articulation is even present in P. kirkpatricki (TTU P-9002; Weinbaum, 2011 : fig. 13). An equivalent articulation concept happens in A. ferratus and Paratypothorax andressorum (SMNS 19003; Schoch & Desojo, 2016 ), in which a sandwich-triangular posterior procedure of brand new jugal inserts into an embayment when you look at the the new anteroventral margin of your quadratojugal ventral with the lateral temporal fenestra. During these taxa, a small anteroventral process of the brand new quadratojugal underlaps new jugal (Schoch, 2007 ). A comparable articulation plus happens in the new doswelliid archosauriform Rugarhychos sixmilensis (Wynd mais aussi al., 2020 ) suggesting it profile state could be plesiomorphic.

5.2.eleven Postorbital

The fresh new postorbital was an excellent triradiate limbs that have a keen ornamented horizontal facial skin and you will about three type of procedure (Data 4q, r). The brand new anterodorsal techniques enjoys a distinct horizontal position you to receives the ventral and you will rear part of the postfrontal, the newest posterodorsal techniques articulates on anterodorsal osal, and the ventral techniques matches with the a position to the prior and you may medial epidermis of posterodorsal procedure for the brand new jugal. This new dorsal margin is actually broadly rounded and contains a distinct ridge you to definitely variations the brand new anterolateral margin of the supratemporal fenestra. This new rounded prior margin possess a weakened ridge, creating the brand new posterodorsal margin of orbit. The fresh new good dorsal ridge, and this extends posteriorly on the squamosal, isn’t used in aetosaurs (elizabeth.grams., Desmatosuchus smalli, TTU P9024-; T. coccinarum, PEFO 38001). It is extremely most likely missing from inside the Good. geoffreyi (UCMP 156046), hence doesn’t manage brand new postorbital, but comes with the fresh new squamosal and lacks it ridge. D. grallator possess a comparable dorsal ridge toward postorbital and squamosal (Sues ainsi que al., 2003 ).

Brand new anteroventral portion of the squamosal and you can posterodorsal procedure for new jugal nearly meets over the posteroventral edge of the fresh new postorbital, nearly excluding this function out-of participation regarding horizontal temporal fenestra (Profile 3b). It near difference is not novel to help you Roentgen. callenderi since it and happens in P. kirkpatricki (Weinbaum, 2011 ), and also the participation may be very minimal from inside the aetosaurs (e.grams., A great. ferratus) and also the crocodylomorph D. grallator (Nesbitt, 2011 ; Schoch, 2007 ).

The brand new triangular feature to begin with interpreted because lacrimal from the Parker ainsi que al. ( 2005 : fig. 2) is simply a remote postorbital retrieved toward skull out of PEFO 33787. New anterior part of the leftover squamosal during the Parker et al. ( 2005 : fig. 2b) is basically a keen articulated postorbital.

5.2.12 Quadrate

The latest quadrate is managed for the PEFO 34561 (Contour 4s, t), and also the quadrates try obscured from inside the PEFO 38609 (Rates 3c, d). The fresh new quadrate body’s a solid, dorsoventrally tall bones you to definitely lacks fenestration and you will slopes posteroventrally, varying from the condition in shuvosaurids and you can aetosaurs where the quadrate slopes anteroventrally (Nesbitt, 2007 ).

A-deep dorsoventrally created fossa can be acquired posterolateral towards lateral flange (Shape 4s). The pterygoid flange isn’t really-maintained during the PEFO 34561, but the thickened root of the flange happen off to the right ability merely dorsal towards the medial condyle along side medial boundary of quadrate.

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